Practical tips in case of tick bite

The RO Vaccination platform posted some information on ticks, exposure prevention tips and measures.

Ticks are external parasites. They feed on the blood of the host body (humans or various animals). Hundreds of species of ticks are known in the world, but 30 have been identified in Romania. However, it must be said that only a few of them transmit diseases to humans. In Romania the most common species is Ixodes Ricinus.

Ticks are found in areas with grass and high humidity (forests, parks, meadows, bushes). Infections in humans occur seasonally, during the period when the ticks are active, from April to November.

The tick reaches the human skin, looking for a “convenient” area for fixation, in a time that can last even a few hours. The size of the tick increases as it feeds on blood.

Through the bite, it inserts its head under the skin, a segment of the mouth of the tubular shape, which has on either side two pliers, which have the role of fixing.

Ticks can excrete various pathogens through saliva.

Measures to prevent tick exposure:

– Avoid known areas with very high exposure to ticks

– Wear light-colored clothing on green grass to make ticks easier to see; cover your arms and legs, pull your socks over your pants; light-colored footwear with no holes or cutouts

– Use light-colored picnic blankets and beds

– When hiking, go in the middle of the path, avoid touching the surrounding plants with your body

– Use repellents, tick sprays (beware of contraindications for pregnant women, children)

– For longer trips, a 0.5% permethrin-based insecticide may be applied to clothing, footwear and equipment.

– If you sleep outdoors, on the ground or in a tent, use insect nets around the bed and protective foil

– When you arrive home, check your luggage, clothes and especially your pets carefully

– Take a shower every day. In the shower, carefully check the presence of any tick, especially in the soft parts, with fine skin (under the arms, behind the ears, between the legs, behind the knees, navel, hairy scalp). If necessary, you can check using the mirror or magnifying glass

– Treat used clothes in areas possibly contaminated with ticks, by washing and drying for at least 1 hour with hot / hot air.

Early identification of the tick on the body is recommended, in order to minimize the risk of disease caused by the tick bite:

– To transmit Lyme Disease, the tick must be fixed and fed for at least 24-72 hours

– The virus that causes Tick Encephalitis is transmitted from the moment the tick starts feeding.

Tick ​​removal:

It is recommended that the tick be completely removed / removed in the emergency room of an emergency hospital by a medical surgeon, and as soon as possible after the tick bite.

It is important to remove the tick completely, without tearing the back of the body, and to keep the head stuck in the wound.

After removing the tick, it is recommended to consult an Infectious Diseases Service to assess the appropriateness of antibiotic prophylaxis.

“Do not try to use heat or other substances to neutralize the tick. It can go deeper into the skin, releasing more saliva, or spilling the stomach contents of the tick into the wound, increasing the risk of infection. In case you can’t call the medical service, you can remove the tick using a tweezers with a thin, angled tip; the tweezers are fixed as close as possible to the access point of the prick. Shoot slowly, evenly, as straight as possible, without twisting, being careful not to crush / crush the tick. Then disinfect with soap and water, then apply an antiseptic solution. The rescuer’s hands are protected with gloves or gauze “, says Dr. Daniela Mihalcea, primary doctor of infectious diseases.

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