Scary scenario for the people of Bucharest in the event of an earthquake over 7 on the Richter scale. According to a document prepared by the Committee for Emergency Situations of the Municipality of Bucharest, there were over 6,500 dead and over 16,000 seriously injured. At least a hundred buildings would collapse, but the number of those who could no longer be temporarily inhabited would exceed 20,000. The authorities have plans and bills, but no concrete measures to be implemented immediately. “At the next earthquake, we will also have surprises: we will see new buildings that fall and others that do not fall,” explains a specialist in the structure of buildings with seismic risk.
In addition to the risk and indolence of the authorities is added the lack of education of the population, made up for by a project of firefighters, who go to schools to teach the little ones how to react in case of an earthquake. Worse, in a critical situation, rescuers are most at risk: a third of Bucharest’s hospitals and several ISU units operate in low-strength buildings or even with a red dot.
Approximately 23,000 residential buildings in Bucharest would be severely damaged in the event of a major earthquake, and another thousand would collapse to the ground. In addition, 100 eight-storey blocks of flats were also destroyed.
To this is added a third of the sanitary units, part of the fire brigades, but also schools and kindergartens that operate in buildings with seismic risk. Accused in a recent report by the Court of Auditors of not taking enough action to limit the effects of a major earthquake, the local government is making plans to consolidate.
Nicușor Dan – the general mayor of the Capital: There is a lot of money in PNRR and we have applied with public buildings and private blocks of flats that will receive full funding from PNRR, we have applied with projects of 50 million euros.
Matei Sumbasacu – engineer, specialist in the structure of buildings with seismic risk: At the next earthquake we will have surprises: we will see new buildings that fall and others with polka dots that do not fall. This is part of the uncertainty inherent in seismic engineering.
4 out of 10 Romanians do not know what to do in case of an earthquake
Another problem was revealed by a survey conducted last year – the people of Bucharest do not know the basic rules of reaction in case of an earthquake. Specifically, 40% of the population does not know what to do and what not to do during and immediately after the earthquake.
Raed Arafat – Head of DSU: If there is an earthquake and it is a major earthquake we have the concept of earthquake intervention with a national mobilization at the level of IGSU and emergency services provides a force majeure intervention and provides all mechanisms including requesting international support for search problems salvage.
The most vulnerable people in the event of a large earthquake are people up to 19 years old and people over 60 years old.
A unique simulator in Romania teaches the little ones how to react in case of an earthquake. Since its inception, nearly three thousand children have completed all stages of training.
Daniel Vasile – spokesman for the Bucharest-Ilfov Emergency Situations Inspectorate (ISUBIF): If we take this situation where the children are at home, this simulator shows very well what it should do: call 112, how to remove and disconnect a cooker from the electricity source, how to use the fire extinguisher for to extinguish a fire and other practical situations as introductory elements.
Also in terms of plans are two bills, which are progressing slowly: one would ban the rental of buildings with a dot, and another should regulate the consolidation of buildings at risk with state money.
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